This article provides a theoretical and methodological framework for how to support leaders as they learn to observe and interpret relations between organizations and society and to act more consciously and responsibly. Internal decision-making and hybrid structuring to differentiate an organization from society and connect it inter-independently with society becomes a central focus. This is the key to taking responsibility for the conscious survival of the organization and society.

By making (conscious or unconscious) decisions, organizations eliminate some opportunities and create new ones both for themselves and for society. Through functional abstractions and decisions, leadership as a system creates a capacity to maneuver. This requires “communitized learning” by leadership as a system. Thus organizations can perceive themselves not as victims but as self-responsible entities.

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Leadership and Responsibility